Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

Bảo tàng Phụ nữ Việt Nam (Vietnamese Women’s Museum) in Hanoi is a wonderful place that provides fascinating insights into the lives of beautiful, courageous, and warm-hearted Vietnamese women. Here are some details about the museum:

**Location:** 36 Ly Thuong Kiet Street, Hang Bai Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi
**Opening Hours:** 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM
**Entrance Fee:** 40,000 VND for adults and 10,000 VND for children under 16 years old

1. History of the Vietnamese Women’s Museum:

The Vietnamese Women’s Museum was established in 1987 with the mission to educate the public about Vietnamese women and their contributions to gender equality in Vietnam. It is managed by the Vietnam Women’s Union, one of the most dynamic organizations. Since its completion in 1995, the museum has successfully exhibited 25,000 artifacts, photographs, and items related to contemporary life and cultural customs of Vietnamese women. It has also organized significant exhibitions such as the Áo dài collection (traditional Vietnamese dress) and artworks related to ethnic minorities.

2. Highlights of the Vietnamese Women’s Museum:

Walking along Ly Thuong Kiet Street, you’ll be drawn to a large, colorful glass wall that showcases the essential role of women in various age groups and different social contexts, including Women in the Family, Women in History, and Women’s Fashion.


The museum’s entrance leads to a spacious and airy courtyard, providing a comfortable starting point for your visit. The combination of colors and shapes symbolizes diversity, uniqueness, and a source of inspiration.

One of the first impressions that might evoke the deepest gratitude for all women is a statue of a woman carrying a child on her shoulder, emphasizing one of the happiest and most challenging aspects of a woman’s life – raising her child. The way they depict and design the statue, including how the woman carries the baby, demonstrates the respect and admiration that the Vietnamese people have for women. Additionally, there are display rooms and periodic exhibitions related to women, such as the traditional ao dai – the Vietnamese traditional dress – displayed in the shape of a crescent moon surrounding the Mother Goddess statue in the main hall.

When you look up at the ceiling, you may notice several conical hats shaped like wind chimes. Conical hats serve various purposes for farmers and are a feminine fashion accessory, blending perfectly with the ao dai. The souvenir shop next door provides very distinctive items, including ao dai and conical hats, which you can take home as gifts or decorations to remind you of Vietnam.

The second floor is like a story of what a typical woman goes through, from being a girl to marriage and motherhood. The saying, “Men build houses, women make homes,” explicitly emphasizes the role of women in warming their homes with love and unconditional care.

Before entering, you might wonder if Vietnamese women wear white wedding dresses and have ceremonies in churches, where they live after marriage, or if there are any traditional or ethnic rituals related to pregnancy, childbirth, naming, and child-rearing. You will find all the answers yourself, and it is quite certain that they are entirely different from your home country, or even beyond your imagination.

“Women in History” is precisely what happens on the third floor. This is the space for history lovers who want to learn more about what women have done in a country where half of the historical timeline was written by wars. In that context, it is unquestionable that Vietnamese women not only fulfill their roles as mothers and wives but also have the ability to “build houses,” and more importantly, contribute to building the nation’s independence. They display hundreds of paintings, artifacts that women used during the war, videos about what they contributed to the revolution, how they managed life in the darkest days from 1930 to 1975, and so on.


Lastly, but not least, the upper floor is dedicated to “Women’s Fashion.” Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups, not to mention various subgroups, and what’s fascinating is that each ethnic group takes pride in its unique culture and traditions, which are clearly expressed through clothing and jewelry. You can often tell whether a woman is married or not by looking at her hairstyle and determine her ethnic subgroup based on the color of her clothing. Furthermore, you’ll be amazed by the art of makeup, silver jewelry crafting, weaving fabric, and even teeth dyeing. They are incredibly smart and creative!

Next to the museum is a multicultural exhibition area where works of art from another country are often displayed, such as Japanese dolls. The Vietnamese government is making a great effort to both preserve traditional values and identity while promoting cultural exchanges and international engagement. As a result, the younger generation in Vietnam can learn about various traditional aspects and broaden their horizons with different art pieces.

3. How to Get to the Vietnamese Women’s Museum?

The museum is located in the Old Quarter and is just a 10-minute walk from Hoan Kiem Lake. You can easily reach it by walking, motorbike, taxi, or by taking bus numbers 8, 31, 36, or 49.

The Vietnamese Women’s Museum is ranked among the top 25 most attractive museums in Asia, so you will never be disappointed. It provides an overall view and a closer look at how Vietnamese women skillfully manage their families, sacrifice for the day of national unification, and become more beautiful day by day. provides a general overview, and you can adjust it based on your preferences and the time available. It’s always a good idea to check the weather and availability of attractions before your trip.